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Procedure of Brickwork in Masonry Construction

Brickwork in Masonry Construction work

1- brickwork Materials

Bricks

The quality of bricks used in masonry construction should meet industry standards (good brick earth, thoroughly burnt and deep cherry red or copper in color). The shape of the bricks should be consistent, and the edges should be crisp. When struck, bricks should produce a clean ringing sound and be devoid of any fractures, chips, defects, or lumps.

After one hour of soaking in water, bricks should absorb no more than one-sixth of their weight. Crushing strength for standard bricks should be 105 kg/sq.cm or 1500 lbs/sq.in.

Mortar

Mortar should be of the prescribed grade, and the materials used to make it should meet industry standards.

Fresh Portland cement or pozzolana Portland cement of standard standards should be used in cement mortar. Sand should be sharp, free of organic and foreign matter, and free of organic and foreign matter. Rich mortar should be made from coarse or medium-sized sands, whereas weak mortar can be made with local fine sand.

For mortar, the cement-to-sand ratio can range from 1:3 to 1:6 or as specified. Materials for mortar should be measured with a measuring box to ensure that the proportions are correct. Cement and sand should be dry-mixed on a clean masonry platform to achieve a consistent color, then mixed with clean water slowly and gradually to achieve a workable consistency, and thoroughly mixed by turning at least three times.

For construction, only freshly mixed mortar should be used; no old or stale mortar should be utilized. Mortar should only be mixed with water for one hour of work so that it can be used before setting begins.

Brickwork in masonry construction:

Quality control on many areas of material and construction technique is required while constructing brickwork in the foundation and superstructure. For assistance, you can contact BBW Group.

2- Bricks are soaked with water

Before using, the bricks should be properly soaked in clean water by submerging them in a tank for 12 hours. Soaking should be continued until no more air bubbles occur.

3- The third step is to lay the bricks

Unless otherwise indicated, bricks should be put in English bond and should be well bonded. Every course should be completely horizontal, and all walls should be plumb. Vertical joints in the same course should not cross over each other; vertical joints in the opposite course should cross over each other.

No bricks that are damaged or broken should be used. Clean-cut bricks should be used for closers, which should be put towards the ends of walls but not on the opposite side. Face work should be done with just the best-shaped bricks.

Mortar joints should not be thicker than 6 mm (1/4 inch) and should be completely filled with mortar. Except in the top course, when frogs should be placed downwards, bricks should be set with frogs upright.

Brickwork should be limited to one metre or three feet in height at a time. When one section of the wall must be postponed, stepping should be done at a 45-degree angle. Where corbelling or projections are used, there should be no more than 14 brick projections per course. At the end of each day’s work, all joints should be raked and the faces of the walls should be wiped.

4- Brickwork Curing

After laying, the brickwork should be maintained wet for at least 20 days. The tops of walls should be flooded with water at the end of each day’s work by constructing little weak mortar edging to retain at least 2.5cm or 1 inch deep water.

5- Brickwork Protection

Because the brickwork is green and susceptible to harm, it should be shielded from the effects of the sun, rain, frost, and other elements during construction.

6- Brickwork Scaffolding

Scaffolding should be provided if it is required for the construction of a brick wall. Scaffolding should be sound and sturdy, with supports and members capable of withstanding all loads that may be applied.

7- Brickwork Measurement

Cubic meters or cubic feet should be used to measure brickwork. Different types of brickwork and mortar should be classified as independent products. The thickness of the wall should be measured in half-brick increments of 10cm, one brick increments of 20cm, 1.5 brick increments of 30cm, and so on. The cost of the entire work, including scaffolding, tools, and plants, should be included in the pricing.